Alan Bates

Simon Gray asked me to direct Butley in 1970. I found its savage, lacerating wit hard to beat and accepted the invitation… The extraordinary thing about Butley, it still seems to me, is that the play gives us a character who hurls himself towards the destruction while living, in the fever of his intellectual hell, with a vitality and brilliance known to few of us. He courts death by remaining ruthlessly – even dementedly – alive. It’s a remarkable creation…..

Harold Pinter, from his introduction published in Simon Gray: Plays 1 (Faber, 2010)

Butley, the central character of Simon Gray’s brittle and brilliant play…could well join that distinguished gallery of human debris represented by Willie Loman, Jimmy Porter and Bill Maitland in post-war drama… What is so wondrous about a play so basically defeatist and hurtful is its ability to be funny. The stark, unsentimental approach to the homosexual relationship, the cynical send-up of academic life, the skeptical view of the teacher-pupil associations are all stunningly illuminated by continuous explosions of sardonic, needling, feline, vituperative and civilised lines.

Milton Shulman, Evening Standard, July 15th 1971


Butley is a play about a university lecturer, Ben Butley, who shares his office and his flat with a former star pupil, Joey, now also a lecturer. On the day when the play takes place Butley faces both the ultimate breakdown of his marriage and of his intense friendship with Joey. Butley’s painful discoveries are made against a background of petty university politics and unease about student dissent. He greets them with a blistering torrent of repartee and rhetoric.

Production History

282_Butley Criterion FC

Butley was first presented by Michael order xanax no prescription Codron on 14th July 1971 at the Criterion Theatre, London. It won the 1971 Evening Standard Award for Best Play.

The cast was as follows:

BEN BUTLEY – Alan Bates
JOSEPH KEYSTON – Richard O’Callagham
MISS HEASMAN – Brenda Cavendish
EDNA SHAFT – Mary Wimbush
ANNE BUTLEY – Colette O’Neil
REG NUTTALL – Michael Byrne
MR GARDNER – George Fenton

Director: Harold Pinter

The role of Butley was subsequently taken on by Richard Briers and Alec McCowen in the same production. MORE

BUTLEY in the West End – 2011

Duchess Theatre, London, 31 May – 27 August 2011, following a run at the Theatre Royal, Brighton, from 25-28 May.

Ben Butley – Dominic West
Edna Shaft – Pennie Downey
Reg Nuttall – Paul McGann
Anne Butley – Amanda Drew
Joseph Keyston – Martin Hutson

Directed by Lindsay Posner

Read interviews with Dominic West:

The Guardian
The Telegraph

Read reviews of the production:

The Telegraph
The Guardian

Review in Spanish magazine, Puro Teatro

Selected other productions of Butley

The play was subsequently made into a film starring Alan Bates and directed by Harold Pinter.


Butley was published as a Faber Contemporary Classic in Simon Gray: Plays 1 on July 7th 2010. To order a copy on special offer at 25% discount please contact Faber and use code GRAYPLAYS. Or check out the Plays section of our bookshop.

Butley is also published in the following editions:

Key Plays (Faber and Faber 2002 ISBN 0-571-21634-X)

The Definitive Simon Gray Volume I (Faber and Faber 1992 ISBN 0-571-16223-1)

As an individual play:

Butley (Eyre Methuen 1971)

Butley (Samuel French US)


For UK and Worldwide performance rights please contact Judy Daish Associates at rozzy@judydaish.com. For English-speaking amateur rights, apply to Samuel French Ltd at www.samuelfrench-london.co.uk. For amateur rights in the USA and Canada, apply to Samuel French Inc at www.samuelfrench.com.